Orthopedists use medical, physical and rehabilitative methods as well as surgery and are involved in all aspects of heath care pertaining to the musculoskeletal system. It is a specialty of incredible breadth and variety.
Orthopedists treat a immense variety of diseases and conditions, including fractures and dislocations, torn ligaments, sprains and strains tendon injuries, pulled muscles and bursitis ruptured disks, sciatica, low back pain, and scoliosis knock knees, bow legs, bunions and hammer toes, arthritis and osteoporosis, bone tumors, muscular dystrophy and cerebral palsy, club foot and unequal leg length abnormalities of the fingers and toes, and growth abnormalities.
Orthopedic surgeons treat problems of the musculoskeletal system. This involves:
- Diagnosis of your injury or disorder
- Treatment with medication, exercise, casting, surgery or other options
- Rehabilitation by recommending exercises or physical therapy to restore movement, strength and function
- Prevention with information and treatment plans to prevent injury or slow the progression of disease
While orthopedic surgeons are familiar with all aspects of the musculoskeletal system, many orthopedists’ specialize in certain areas, such as the foot and ankle, spine, shoulder, hand, hip or knee. They may also choose to focus on specific fields like pediatrics, trauma or sports medicine.
Fracture: – A fracture is a break, usually in a bone. If the broken bone punctures the skin, it is called an open or compound fractures
Dislocations: – Joints can be dislocated from injury. This usually happens from a fall, a car accident or participation in sports.
Torn ligaments: – Ligaments are strong, leather-like fibers of connective tissue that help keep the joint stable. They can be stretched (sprained), or partially or completely torn. A ligament tear can cause bleeding inside the joint, producing a swollen, painful joint that will not bear weight.
Bursitis ruptured disks: – Bursitis is a painful condition that affects small fluid-filled pads called bursar that act as cushions between bony projections and nearby tendons and muscles.
Sciatica:- If you suddenly start feeling pain in your lower back or hip that radiates to the back of your thigh and into your leg, you may have a protruding (herniated) disk in your spinal column that is pressing on the nerve roots in the lumbar spine. This condition is known as sciatica.
Low back pain: – Pain in the lower back (lumbago) is particularly common, although it can be felt anywhere along the spine – from the neck down to the hips
Sprains & strains: – Common causes for sprains and strains are falls, twisting an arm or leg, sports injuries and over-exertion. Both sprains and strains result in pain and swelling. The amount of pain and swelling depends on the extent of damage.
Pulled muscles: – A muscle strain, also called a pulled muscle, occurs when a muscle is stretched too far, and microscopic tears occur within the muscle fibers.
Scoliosis knock knees:- Knock knee (also known as genu valgum or valgus knee deformity) is a condition in which the knees touch while the ankles are apart.
Inflammation of one or more joints, causing pain and stiffness that can worsen with age .Arthritis is more common among adults aged 65 years or older, but it can affect people of all ages, including children. It refers to around 200 rheumatic diseases and conditions that affect joints, including lupus and rheumatoid arthritis. It can cause a range of symptoms and impair a person’s ability to perform everyday tasks. Physical activity has a positive effect on arthritis and can improve pain, function, and mental health.
Factors in the development of arthritis include injury, abnormal metabolism, genetic makeup, infections, and immune system dysfunction. If you have pain in or around a joint or joints that doesn’t go away after a few days, you should see a doctor. Finding out what’s causing your pain is key to finding the right treatment and self-help options.
Treatment aims to control pain, minimize joint damage, and improve or maintain quality of life. It involves medications, physical therapies, and patient education and support.